Intro to Diamonds
The Kimberley Process started when Southern African diamond-producing states met in Kimberley, South Africa, in May 2000, to discuss ways to stop the trade in ‘conflict diamonds’ and ensure that diamond purchases were not financing violence by rebel movements and their allies seeking to undermine legitimate governments.
We at Something Feminine have made every effort to guarantee that our diamonds originate from pure, ethical sources making them Conflict Free.
“A diamond lasts forever” is the saying. Therefore, when you own a diamond, you own something which is a legend in the making. A diamond comes from the earth’s crust, and pushed to the surface. They were formed thousands of years ago, so in a sense you are also wearing a piece of history.
Diamonds are very scarce. It takes 100 tons of mined rock to produce 1ct of diamonds. Not one stone, that is even scarcer, anything from 0.005ct to 1ct. A 1ct single stone diamond is one in a million diamonds mined.
Colour refers to a diamond’s lack of colour, grading the whiteness of a diamond. In the GIA colour scale colour is graded from D the whitest, to Z the lowest. The whiter the diamond, the more scarce thus the more expensive they are. (This excludes fancy colour diamonds.)
When choosing a diamond, Colour is usually the second most important C, the first is Cut. This is due to the fact the human eye tends to see a diamonds sparkle first, and colour second.
Because they are created deep within the earth, most diamonds contain unique birthmarks called inclusions (internal) and blemishes (external). The fewer the inclusions in the diamond, the more rare is the stone and thus more valuable.
Due to the Fact that the human eye tends to first see a diamonds sparkle, Cut is a diamond’s most important characteristic. How well the diamond is cut depends on how beautiful the diamond will be.
It seems miraculous that the traditional 58 tiny facets in a diamond, each precisely cut and sharply defined, may be only two millimetres in diameter. But without this precision, a diamond wouldn’t be near as beautiful as it is. Without a doubt, the allure of a particular diamond depends more on cut that anything else.
Though extremely difficult to analyse, the cut of a diamond has three attributes: Brightness/brilliance (the total light reflected from a diamond), fire (the dispersion of light into the colours of the spectrum), and scintillation (the light flashes – or sparkle – when a diamond moves).
In addition to the above, the shape the diamond is cut into also comes into play. You get many shapes, the most popular is the Round Brilliant, other shapes are known as Fancy Shapes or Cuts. Popular Fancy Cuts are: Princess (square), Oval, Emerald (rectangle) and Marquise. Other fancy Cuts are: Pear, Heart, Radiant, Cushion and Asscher.
Diamond weight is measure by carats (ct). 1ct weighs 0.2gams or the weight of a small paper clip. Just as a Rand is divided into 100 cents, a carat is divided into 100 points which means that a diamond of 50 points weighs 0.50 carats.
Carat weight is unrelated to the similar sounding karat, which refers to gold’s purity.
As the carat size of a diamond increases, the diamond’s price increases at an increasing rate. This is due to, the larger the diamond, the more scarce it is.
Two diamonds of equal weight can have very different values depending on the other three characteristics of a diamond’s 4Cs: clarity, colour, and cut.